Occupational Research Section




A company's decision to hire you is an indication that you have the

ability to become a productive and valued employee. As a new employee,

your goal is to prove by performing well in the job that the company made

a good hiring decision. Job retention will depend on good job

performance. Moreover, future salary increases, promotion, and

job/professional development are linked to how well you perform in the

job and fit in with the company. In this guide, we offer some

suggestions on how you can keep your job after you have been hired.



Use good work habits


Maintain a good attendance record. Notify your boss of any absence.

Inform him or her beforehand if you have to leave early, come late, or

take a longer lunch hour.


Arriving promptly each day is important. Staying late does not compensate

for tardiness. Your not being there at the start of the day may

interfere with others being able to do their jobs. Be willing to work

overtime to meet deadlines. You want to convince your supervisor and co-

workers that you are a hard and willing worker.


Keep your immediate work station or area clean and organized. Follow your

company's safety rules and practices in the workplace in order to avoid

accidents and injuries.



Dress appropriately


Dress in a way that suits your job. Look around during your initial

interview and notice how people in the company dress. When in doubt, be

conservative and wear simple clothes until you get to know what is




Learn your new company's values, norms, and culture


Companies tend to always hire in their own image. If you were chosen,

someone must have thought you would fit in with the values, norms, and

culture of the company. The burden is on you, then, to learn the jargon,

the way of thinking, and the operating style of the company.


Values - general ideas about what is good and bad.


Norms - specific expectations about how people should behave in

certain situations.


Culture - the prevailing system of values and norms.



Know job performance expectations


Job performance expectations should cover the range of job duties and

responsibilities assigned to you. Performance expectations focus on the

goals or objectives you are to achieve in the job and describe the

conditions that constitute satisfactory job performance. Both your

supervisor and you (employee) "must" have the same perception of what job

performance is expected. In your orientation session with the supervisor,

job performance expectations should be discussed and clearly understood.



Plan and prioritize your work


Teaching yourself to work intelligently, rather than long and hard,

requires planning. More time spent in planning up front saves time at the

other end. A good plan involves an honest analysis of your situation,

written objectives, specific steps or ways of obtaining these objectives,

and a follow-up evaluation. No plan will work unless you learn to

prioritize. Order your daily objectives or work and keep that focus.



When you don't know, ask


There is no such thing as a "stupid question." Your supervisor wants you

to become productive as soon as possible. A productive person is regarded

as a good employee. One of the most common causes of poor job performance

is employee fear of asking questions.



Follow your company's telephone guidelines


Be sure to follow your new company's policies or special format when

answering incoming or making outgoing calls. Avoid making and receiving

personal calls, unless absolutely necessary. If they are required, keep

them short.



Learn about your company's activities


Read your company's memorandums and news releases, as well as its annual

and quarterly reports. The more you understand about your company's total

business, the better you can understand how your job fits into others'

jobs and the more successful you are apt to be in developing or generating

cost-saving procedures/policies for the company.



Show enthusiasm


Energetically support company goals and objectives. If you were a

supervisor, would you like someone who seemed interested in what he or she

did for a living?



Evaluate your job performance


Generally, the results of your job performance can be measured using four

factors: Quantity, Quality, Cost and Timeliness.


Quantity - How much did I accomplish or produce? How does that

compare to what was expected? Did any circumstances

beyond my control affect the amount of results achieved -

either positively or negatively?


Quality - How good were the results? How does actual work done

compare to the quality expected?


Cost - What costs were incurred in the process of achieving the

results? Consider such things as materials, tools, and



Timeliness - Is work completed on time? If not, why not? Are delays

due to circumstances beyond my control or are the delays

because of poor planning and organization?


This type of self-appraisal (which may be done daily, weekly, or monthly)

will help you evaluate your job performance. Most supervisors will

measure or evaluate job performance using a similar approach and give

specific feedback on how your performance is viewed by the company.



Expect job performance to be monitored


With job performance expectations established, the next step is progress

monitoring by your supervisor. Monitoring your performance may include:


. personal inspection - going to the work area to inspect products

being produced or personally reviewing letters, reports, studies,

etc., generated in an office setting;



. progress reviews - private oral review, group oral review, or

written review is often used to monitor employees on special

assignments or projects;



. client contact by the supervisor - when services to another part

of the organization or to outside companies are provided; and



. record keeping as well as monitoring your PC, e-mail, and phone use





Enhance your value to the organization by improving or learning new job



Take and complete company-sponsored training programs and postsecondary

courses, as well as attend skill workshops and seminars. Membership in

professional associations may provide firsthand information through

publications, newsletters, and meetings on emerging trends or technology

in your field of work or industry and may help in developing business




Other tips for helping you keep your job:


. Listen, watch, and learn your supervisor's priorities and make

them yours.


. Make it your business to get along with your co-workers and be a

good team player.


. Look for opportunities to take on new responsibilities.


. Be aware that incompetency, stealing, or alcohol/drug abuse will

usually result in a company terminating your employment.


. Avoid office romances.